Schneerson, Rabbi Menachem Mendel
- (1902-94)He was the seventh in a line of grand rabbis, or rebbes, of the Lubavitch Hasidic Movement. He was born in Ukraine, studied mathematics and science in Berlin and at the Sorbonne, fled the Nazis in 1941, and immigrated (see ALIYA) to the United States, where he settled in New York. He rebuilt the Hasidic Movement, which had nearly perished in the Holocaust into a worldwide movement with substantial influence. In the 1980s, Rabbi Schneerson directed his followers to become actively engaged in Israeli electoral politics—primarily through support for Agudat Israel—in order to block the formation of governments that might be inclined to relinquish territory in the West Bank and to promote the introduction of legislation designed to strengthen the authority of Jewish law (halacha). He was a major political force in Israel, both in the Knesset and among the electorate, although he never went there. In fact, except to pray at the Queens cemetery where his father-in-law and wife were buried, he had not ventured beyond his Crown Heights stronghold in 37 years. Rabbi Schneerson taught that Jews could hasten the arrival of the Messiah if they practiced the traditions laid out in the Hebrew Bible and interpreted by the rabbis in the Talmud and other classical texts. Some of the rebbe's followers believed that he was the Messiah, the savior promised by the prophets, but Rabbi Schneerson discouraged such talk. His critics charged that his disclaimers were too mild and that he should have put an end to such speculation long ago. His interventions on behalf of Agudat Israel helped influence the results of the 1984 and 1988 Knesset elections in Israel. He died on 12 June 1994 in New York as the result of heart failure.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
Look at other dictionaries:
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson — Menachem Mendel Schneerson Menahem Mendel Schneerson, né le 18 avril 1902 à Mykolaiv, Ukraine, également connu par ses fidèles sous le nom de Le Rebbe ou Le Rabbi de Loubavitch, est le septième héritier de la dynastie du Hassidisme… … Wikipédia en Français
Menachem Mendel Schneerson — For the third Rebbe of the Chabad Lubavitch dynasty see Menachem Mendel Schneersohn Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson Lubavitcher Rebbe … Wikipedia
Menachem Mendel Schneerson — (1987) Menachem Mendel Schneerson (* 18. April 1902 in Nikolajew, Ukraine; † 12. Juni 1994 in New York) war über vier Jahrzehnte das Oberhaupt – „der Rebbe“ – der Chabad Bewegung, einer chassidischen Gruppierung innerhalb des … Deutsch Wikipedia
Menachem Mendel Schneerson — El Rebe de Lubavitch, Rabí Menajem Mendel Schneerson,(Nikolayev, Ucrania, 18 de abril de 1902 (11 de Nisán ) Brooklyn, Nueva York, 12 de julio de 1994) … Wikipedia Español
Menachem Mendel Schneersohn — For the seventh Lubavitcher Rebbe, see Menachem Mendel Schneerson. For the Tzemach Tzedek of Nikolsburg, see Menahem Mendel Krochmal. Menachem Mendel Schneersohn Lubavitcher Rebbe The Tzemach Tzedek … Wikipedia
Menachem Mendel Futerfas — Part of a series on Chabad Rebbes of Lubavitch … Wikipedia
Menachem Mendel Schneerson — … Wikipédia en Français
Schneerson, Menachem Mendel — ▪ 1995 Russian born rabbi (b. April 14, 1902, Nikolayev, Russia [now in Ukraine] d. June 12, 1994, New York, N.Y.), was a towering figure in Orthodox Judaism and for 44 years the charismatic spiritual leader of the New York based Lubavitch… … Universalium
Menachem Shmuel David Raichik — Part of a series on Chabad Rebbes of Lubavitch … Wikipedia
Rabbi De Loubavitch — Menachem Mendel Schneerson Menahem Mendel Schneerson, né le 18 avril 1902 à Mykolaiv, Ukraine, également connu par ses fidèles sous le nom de Le Rebbe ou Le Rabbi de Loubavitch, est le septième héritier de la dynastie du Hassidisme… … Wikipédia en Français